The keto diet: benefits and dangers

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The keto diet: benefits and dangers. Despite continuous advances in medicine and science, obesity remains a major health risk around the world. In fact, most chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease are largely linked to obesity, which is typically the product of unhealthy lifestyles and poor eating habits. A diet suitable for weight loss can help control obesity to some extent. According to several researchers, the ketogenic diet – a diet with an extremely low carbohydrate content and a high fat content – has been shown to be effective for rapid weight loss in some people.

Based on the available scientific evidence, most researchers point out that a well-developed ketogenic diet does not appear to pose a major safety concern for the public. Therefore, it can be considered as a first line method for obesity and diabetes. However, in addition to recommending follow-up by healthcare professionals, high-quality clinical trials of the ketogenic diet are needed to assess important questions about the long-term effects and full potential of clinical medicine.

The ketogenic diet (also known as the « keto diet » or « keto diet ») is not another new diet, although the appearance of a lot of media in recent years has shown otherwise. Ketogenic Diet The ketogenic diet was introduced in the 1920s and was originally used to treat children with severe epilepsy, and this diet has been proven successful. Several studies have shown that up to 60% of children with epilepsy [1] tried a ketogenic diet, the frequency of seizures was reduced by 50% or more. To date, the most reliable research is available in this area.

Currently, it is mainly referred to as a weight loss diet, although it is far from a balanced diet, especially due to its high fat content. It is also not uncommon to find topics like « ketogenic diet and cancer » [2], as this can « starve » cancer cells. Considering the importance of these statements, it is necessary to assess and understand how the body functions under the influence of this eating behavior. Indeed, how can such a high fat diet make you lose weight? Eating 80% of your calories quickly as fat will make you no longer feel hungry as you experience nausea, nausea, headaches, and some fatigue.

How does the keto diet work?

The ketogenic diet is a very low carb, high fat diet.

Although a person eats fewer carbohydrates, the ketogenic diet leads to moderate protein intake   [4]  and increased intake of healthy fats.

Reducing carbohydrate intake puts the body into a metabolic state called “ketosis,” where fat, from food and the body, is burned for energy.

How long can a ketogenic diet last?

Although the ketogenic diet is a popular contemporary diet, a large number of people find that it takes them much longer to enter ketosis than others. The time it takes for the body to enter a state of ketosis varies from person to person, but the time is usually between 2 and 7 days.

Regarding the duration of the practice of the ketogenic diet, there are currently no long-term scientific studies or enough data. Although the maximum recommended average is generally 6 months, it is a priority to consult a healthcare professional for precise follow-up.

The ketogenic diet and the state of ketosis

Ketosis state: what does ‘keto’ mean?

A « keto » or « ketogenic » diet is so named because it causes your body to produce small fuel molecules called « ketones. » This is an alternative source of fuel for your body that can be used when blood sugar (glucose) is low.

When a person eats very few carbohydrates or very few calories, their liver produces ketones [5] from fat. These ketones then serve as a source of fuel throughout the body, especially the brain.

The brain is a hungry organ that consumes a lot of energy every day, even more for the active and the sportsmen and cannot function directly on fat. It can only work with glucose or ketones.

Ketones are three metabolites (acetylacetate, β-D-hydroxybutyrate, acetone) produced by the process of ketogenesis [6] in the liver. This from the degradation of lipids, and fatty acids, when the body no longer has sufficient reserves of carbohydrates (such as glucose).

With a ketogenic diet, the whole body changes its fuel supply to function primarily on fat, constantly burning fat. When insulin levels drop very low, fat burning can increase dramatically. Thus, it becomes easier to access fat stores for burning them.

More and more people are practicing this keto diet primarily for weight loss, but there also appear to be other benefits, such as reduced sugar peaks and troughs that often occur when consuming high-carb meals. .

Although side effects can vary from subject to subject, some practitioners of this ketogenic diet feel more alert and focused.

When the body produces ketones, it goes into a metabolic state, the so-called ketosis state. The fastest way to do this is to fast, but no one can constantly fast indefinitely.

A keto diet, on the other hand, also leads to ketosis and can be consumed over a longer period of time. It can have many benefits of fasting – including weight loss – without having to fast for the long term.

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